The mothers ranged in age from 34 to 57 years of age. The measure has been used successfully in other studies with samples of African American adolescents e. Campus racial composition is a potentially important ecological variable in understanding linkages between family communication patterns and sexual behavior in adolescents starting college.
Thirty-six mother—daughter pairs were affiliated with a private, selective HBCU located in a major mid-Atlantic metropolitan city. Survey materials were designed to be culturally appealing 1 to increase the likelihood that mothers would return the surveys Dillman, Variance inflation factors VIFs were examined as a check of multicol-linearity, and all were within an acceptable range. The scale was revised slightly for the present study to reduce heterosexual bias by including two additional items for oral sexual contact between females and to assess experience with anal sexual contact separate from other behaviors. Some studies have shown that more conservative maternal attitudes about premarital sex predicted less sexual experience among Latino and African American adolescents Hovell et al. The measure has been used successfully in other studies with samples of African American adolescents e. The level of education ranged from some high school to a doctoral degree e. African American Mother—Daughter Communication About Sex and Adolescent Sexual Behavior Most studies on parenting and sexual behavior among African American adolescents have focused on individuals residing in disadvantaged communities e. Thirty-nine pairs were affiliated with a selective, public PWI located in a college town in the mid-Atlantic region. Hence, the regression model for each outcome variable contained a different subset of predictors based on these criteria. The third item asked mothers to rate the extent to which they discussed with their daughters having sex before marriage in relation to their religious beliefs. Such rules may be more appealing to some African American families who may consider these institutions to be more reflective of conservative psychosexual attitudes common in other African American institutions e. Because the first two items had a response scale that differed from the third, all items were standardized and summed. The scores range from 0 no sexual activity to 12 anal intercourse or oral—anal contact. Third, it was predicted that positive general communication between mothers and daughters, less conservative maternal attitudes about sex, and maternal communication about sexual topics would be associated with greater sexual experience in daughters. Fifty-seven percent of the sample reported having had consensual sexual intercourse at least once before the study. For example, recent studies suggest that good communication between parents and children about general topics appears to create a context for the discussion of more sensitive topics related to sexual behavior. Consistent with previous literature, the first hypothesis predicted that less conservative maternal attitudes about premarital sex and more communication about sexual topics would predict more permissive attitudes about premarital sex. An item that assessed the frequency in which mothers gave daughters reading material or videos about any of the aforementioned topics was also included. Campus racial composition is a potentially important ecological variable in understanding linkages between family communication patterns and sexual behavior in adolescents starting college. In particular, correlational patterns that suggested differences between the colleges were explored in interactional terms. In each interaction, scores were computed by inserting specific values 1 standard deviation above and 1 below the mean for each variable to facilitate interpretation. Specifically, research would benefit from an examination of the experiences of college-enrolled African American females for whom factors such as poverty may be less associated with their experiences. Thus, examining communication patterns between mothers and daughters affiliated with racially different colleges presents an opportunity to capture variation in sexual attitudes and behavior not investigated in previous literature. In addition to receiving general information about how to participate and receive payment, each mother received a personalized, detailed cover letter appealing directly to the perspective and experiences of African American women and the importance of research in understanding them.
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